Batik Pattern 02  Discover Indonesia/ Batik  

Main kinds of designs

Althought Central Java is the centre of Javanese Batik, the design evolves according to the part of the region where it is manufactured. We are introducing the different kind of designs which are related to the usage in the day-to-day life as well as in the celebrations and finaly their characteristics by location as Yogyakarta, Surakarta or Solo, Pekalongan and Indramaju.

Central Java Map

Kawung prahu
Kawung Prabu motif from Yogyakarta

There is two main kind of batik designs: geometric and non-geometric.
Classified under the geometric designs are
Diagonal or Parang motif

  • Squares, rectangles crosses or Ceplok
  • and Kawung Weaving or Limar motifs

and the non-geometric:

  • Semen
  • Lunglungan
  • Buketan


Parang Rusak Barong
Parang Rusak Barong

Kawang Picus 2a
Kawang Picus

Parang baris
Parang Baris

Kawung Semar
Kawung Semar Motif


The designs are either geometric or freehand, sometime a combination of both could be found.
In the geometric patterns there are the Ceplokan, repetive designs, the Kawung, circular designs, the Nitik or weaving designs, the Garis Miring, parallel diagonal designs, includes the very popular Parang and finaly the Tumpal, triangular designs.

One of the oldest and   popular ceplokan designs is the kawung which consists of parallel rows of ellipses. Inside the ellipse appear crosses and ornaments such as lines or dots.
Here above are two examples of kawung . The first is a kawung sari and the second a kawung picis (coin of 10 cent).


Batik Wanita Market




This woman is going by bicycle to the market to sell jamu, a traditional javanese medecine made with herbs. She is wearing a sarong (long skirt) with a parang rusak pattern. The parang are among the most visualy striking of all batik patterns. They are considered as fortunate patterns and they produce slimmimng effect on the woman or man who is wearing it. At the origin, it was traditionally reserved to the sultan's family.

<Previous............................More on Indonesian Batik...............................Next>