November 22nd, 2011.- The season of the cashew harvest is going on.
Time of harvesting varies from region to region, but is usually carried out in the dry season from July to November. In South East Sulawesi, harvesting months are from July to September, whereas orchardists in West and East Nusatenggara harvest their cashew crops from September to November. These differences are mainly due to micro-climatic variations between regions.
Even if cashew are native from Brazil and the main producers are India, Ivory Coast, Vietnam and Brazil, cashew trees are part of the richness and diversity of the Indonesian flora and agriculture.
Cashew production in Indonesia is mainly confined to the Eastern parts of the country. These areas are characterized by sparse rainfall and a long dry season, which is considered ideal for high productivity of cashew. In order to minimize losses during orchard establishment, timing of the planting to synchronize with the short rains becomes critical.
Kendari farmer sorts cashew nuts before bringing them to Kendari grand market, Southeast Sulawesi, on Tuesday. During harvest, the price of cashew nuts typically drops from the usual Rp 12,000 (US$1.32) per kilogram to Rp 11,000 per kg
Kendari is the capital of the Indonesian province of South East Sulawesi. The city lies along Kendari Bay. Moramo Waterfall is located 65 km east of Kendari. The city has a population of 314,812, making it the fourth-largest city in Sulawesi.