A study conducted by a NGO (non governmental organization) reveals, that the killing of orangutans included in the category of endangered animals, continues.
Researchers made a survey by involving 6972 people interviewed in 698 villages spread over the region of East Kalimantan, West Kalimantan and Central Kalimantan.
(note: Kalimantan is known in English as the island of Borneo)
The study reveals that conflcts arise between villagers and orangutans . Conflict is defined as an unacceptable human disturbance when orangutans get into the fields, taking products to feed themselves.
Niel Mirkanuddin, TNC Project Manager for Borneo, describing, among all the respondents interviewed, 42 percent have met with orangutans. Time encounter with orangutans over a year ago and its location in the surrounding forest.
Based on the results of the study, 15 per cent of respondents have ever come across say that conflicts with orangutans never happened. As many as 47 percent of them reported, conflicts are rare, while 33 percent said conflicts often occur.
The most frequent areas of conflict is East Kalimantan. Conflict areas are generally adjacent to oil palm plantations, rice fields, and forest industry plants. Of the conflict, only 5 percent of respondents who said trying to kill orangutans.
From the results of the survey, 42 percent of respondents who could be trusted to say, the killing of orangutans occur in the village. The term refers to the killing of orangutans deaths due to human activities. The murder occurred in a period of five years ago.
Central Kalimantan Province is a region with the highest murder orangutans. Overall, as much as 4.9 percent of respondents claimed to have killed orangutans. Of the 687 villages surveyed, as many as 145 of them have at least one resident who had murdered.
Location of death generally occurs in the lowlands, where orangutans met the goods belonging to humans . The death ratio decreases when the distance from palm oil plantations increases.
According to the report the villagers recognized that a total of 691 orangutans have been killed. In addition the perpetrators (67%) recognized that they know that orangutans are protected by the wildlife law of the country.
The motivation of murder is primarily for consumption, as the hunters have no other choice in the hunt. Orangutan is said is not the primary target to hunt.
Niel (local authoriry) says, “law enforcement is needed so that it can make a serious deterrent effect. We’ll see, there are victims but the perpetrators have not been touched.”
Meanwhile, Dr. Noviar Andayani of the Wildlife Conservation Society said the research data is still to be considered. However, more than a matter of numbers , he says, “Now it’s more than time to find a solution to definitively protect the orangutans .”