Jakarta (ANTARA News, November 6, 2011) – More and more prehistoric artifacts have been surfacing in Indonesia`s islands from Sumatra to Papua over the years, attesting to very deep roots of the country`s civilization.
The discovery of fossil remains of Pithecanthropus Erectus or “Java Man”, the extinct hominid on the island of Java, proves that Indonesia was already inhabited base early as two million to 500,000 years ago.
The fossil remains comprising skullcap and thighbone discovered by Eugene Dubois, a Dutch anatomist and geologist, in the early 1890s, were the first known fossils of the species Homo erectus.
Indonesia developed many well-organized kingdoms much later. Ruled by indigenous Rajas who embraced the Hindu and Buddhist religions. The period of Buddhist-Hindu Kingdoms lasted from ancient history to the 15th century.
One of them was the Sriwijaya Kingdom in Sumatra which flourished between the 7th and the 13th century in the Malay Archipelago.
It is therefore no wonder that many historical artifacts have been found in Sumatra, finds dating back to the Sriwijaya Kingdom .
Recently, researchers from the Palembang Archeology Office found artifacts believed to be one thousand to 1,400 years old in Kotaraya Lembak and Gunung Kaya villages, Pajarbulan sub district, Lahat District, South Sumatra Province.
They found at least 28 artifacts consisting of among other things a megalithic kampong or settlement, seven stone chambers, four stone mortars, a menhir or a large upright standing stone, and 11 dolmens. At the same location, they also found four stackable stones, the carved image of an elephant with people on it, clay fragments, and foreign ceramics.
At Mingkik village, Atungbungsu, South Dempo Sub district, also in South Sumatra,, two stone caves, a stone chair, a trimurti megalith, and a megalithic kampong were discovered recently.
The Kotaraya Lembak megalithic site, located near a coffee plantation around 250 km west of Palembang, was discovered in 1988. Seven stone chambers found at the site earlier were believed to be about 2,500 years old.
Still on Sumatra Island, archeologists found some artifacts made by prehistoric humans, including a square stone axe believed to date back to 3,500 years ago, and a niche (Rock Shelter/Abris Shous Roches), pottery pieces and a human skeleton in Mendale village, Kebanyakan sub district, Takengon District, Indonesia`s wastern most province of Aceh
(Source: Antara News)